# [EM] replies to recent EM posts re voting-design puzzle

Chris Benham chrisjbenham at optusnet.com.au
Thu Jan 25 07:55:57 PST 2007

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Warren Smith wrote:

>>Benham: Right. And how does a voter express an "infinitesimal" preference in
>>
>>
>the Range 0-99 that you advocate?
>
>--sorry, when I speak of "range voting" in mathematical analysis, I almost always mean
>"continuum range voting" where all real numbers in [0,1] are castable votes.
>

That is convenient for you, but I've also seen the claim made in
propaganda apparently in support of  the version/s of  Range
you propose as a practical reform.

http://www.rangevoting.org/

>    1. Each vote <MeaningOfVote.html> consists of a numerical score
>       within some range (say 0 to 99 <Why99.html>) for each candidate.
>       Simpler is 0 to 9 ("single digit range voting"). Voters may also
>       indicate "X" <Blanks.html> or "NO OPINION" <Blanks.html> if they
>       have no opinion about a candidate. Such votes don't affect that
>       candidate's average.
>
> UNAFFECTED BY CANDIDATE CLONING: <CandCloning.html> Consider the
> situation where A has "clones" A_2 and A_3 . In the old "plurality
> voting <Plurality.html>" system, the clones "split the vote" and lose.
> In the "Borda voting <rangeVborda.html>" system, a party assures
> victory merely by running enough clones. In contrast, in Range voting,
> A is neither harmed nor helped. No more bitter enmity <Enmity.html>
> between alike candidates

>As far as I am concerned, restriction to discrete sets such as {0,1,...,99} is
>not really a good idea and is only done for reasons of practicality (interface with
>old voting machines, etc).  I therefore prefer it if more and more 9s are allowed.  There is some
>reason to believe (in fact, precisely the sort of reason Benham speaks of) that about six 9s
>may be desirable.
>

I can see how by this trick you  achieve Strong FBC  and  your special
version of   Clone Independence (ICC).

Chris Benham

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