[EM] Mike: order reversal incentive in approval?

MIKE OSSIPOFF nkklrp at hotmail.com
Sun Jun 12 19:54:28 PDT 2005

Bart gave a good example of when order-reversal benefits a voter in 

One thing that I've read is that order-reversal in Approval won't help if, 
for each voter, i, there's a constant, Ki, such that every candidate other 
than i or j is Ki/Kj time more likely to be in a tie or near-tie with i than 
with j.

For a particular voter, i and j are in a tie or near-tie if tht voter's 
ballot can make or break a tie between i and j.

Ties and near-ties with only two members are assumed, for simplicity. That 
assumption is reliably accurate in public elections, and is good even in 
committee voting, where 2-candidate ties and near-ties are significantly 
more likely than 3-candidate ties and near-ties.

But note that not only must the condition in the 2nd paragraph be violated 
to a sufficient degree to make order-reversal a good strategy, but the voter 
must know that, and must know the details of that situation, in order for 
order-reversal to make any sense.

So it's no surprise that at least one author knowledgable on the subject 
said that order-reversal should be ignored as an Approval strategy.

Mike Ossipoff

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