[EM] Democratic consensus
voting at ukscientists.com
Sat Jan 7 08:53:16 PST 2023
Happy new year.
Democracy is defined as the representation of the individual (vote) in
the community (count). The one must amount to the other. Personal
preferences must amount to a collective majority. A wish that is greater
among individuals must translate to a greater majority in the community.
There must be a correspondence between the magnitude of individual and
Single choice-order votes may aggregate to a single majority count.
Multiple order votes or ranked choice votes are required to establish a
multiple majority count.
Single preferences for a single majority corresponds to the first term
in a series of rational counts (as in the Droop quota).This general
relation of vote to count was regarded unexceptional by the
mathematician Carl Andrae, when he invented it, in the middle of the
nineteenth century, as did Thomas Hare.
The mathematician Robert Newland, a member of the London Mathematical
Society, using Meek method STV, regarded the one choice vote for the one
majority count “only half a democracy.” John Stuart Mill called it
maiorocracy not democracy.
Politics, however, has not proved that logical, but partisan, and
perhaps primevally tribal. A one choice vote cannot logically elect a
multi-member constituency, as party lists are supposed to do. That is,
unless the lists are party clones. People are not clones but
individuals. Indeed, that is how the list members are treated; in a
preferential manner, by a privileged group or individual making a party
list. Party lists are an oligarchic fashion. Voters lists are a
Party lists are tolerated because the simple plurality count of the spot
vote elects a party list of one candidate. The excuse is that the
two-party system never really offered individual choice [it was always a
party monopoly on personal representation] and isn’t going to start now.
This was essentially the (politically led) argument of the
Ontariocitizens assembly on electoral reform.
HG Wells promoted a Charter of Scientific Fellowship, in 1941, which
asserted the democracy of science.The Trouble With Physics, by Lee
Smolin, says democracy is like science, except democracy is majority
rule and science works by consensus. However, the democracy of John
Stuart Mill MP, his prescient speeches envisioned in parliament, is a
democracy of consensus. Laws should be proportionate to their support in
the country, which was not possible, by (single) majority counting,
perhaps splitting the vote in half, in the country, with support for a
law, possibly halved again, by how representatives vote in parliament.
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
More information about the Election-Methods