[EM] re Burlington

Richard Lung voting at ukscientists.com
Fri May 24 06:36:28 PDT 2019

Thanks for your interest.
The link for FAB STV: Four Averages Binomial Single Transferable Vote is:

It can also be obtained from the various national outlets of Amazon, 
subject to their minimum price policy of a dollar. (Smashwords is free.)

The first part is for the general reader (mainly). In part two, for 
those familiar with Meek method, there is a chapter that follows on from 
that system. And there are starter explanations elsewhere. But most of 
the second part is a detailed step by step explanation of a system that 
grows exponentially more complicated with higher orders of this binomial 
extension of STV (according to a non-commutative expansion of the 
binomial theorem).

First order (binomial, or both election and exclusion counted) STV is 
probably considerably simpler than Meek method: it consists "only" of a 
rational election count averaged with a (symmetrical) rational exclusion 
count, both based on keep value counting.
In symbols, first order STV is the simplest binomial formula, (P + U) = 
(P + U)^1, where P stands for Preference election and U stands for 
Unpreference exclusion.
Meek and traditional hand-counted STV classify as zero order STV or 
uninomial STV forms (in my system).

FAB STV works the same way for single member elections. The candidates 
are ordered by the smallness of their keep values. The first of the Four 
Averages is (my invention of) the Harmonic Mean quota. This is the 
average of the Hare and Droop quotas, which are harmonic series, whose 
average is found by their harmonic mean: votes divided by (number of 
seats plus one half).
The need for this complication is that the Droop quota, which 
historically supplanted the Hare quota, to make small constituency 
elections possible, is undemocratic, in that it allows the election of 
candidates to be governed by one with a statistically insignificant 
chance few votes more than another.

Whichever quota is used, it should not alter the order of candidates 
election. All it does is adjust the over-all level of the keep values 
for the candidates, raising or lowering the general bar of election.

To clarify on your last question, FAB STV complies with "Later no harm". 
There are no multiple votes to more or less count against each other. It 
is a single transferable vote strictly according to order of preference, 
always subject to rational keep-value counting.

Richard Lung.

On 24/05/2019 07:40, Chris Benham wrote:
> Richard L,
> Why keep the details of your "new version of STV" a secret? Perhaps we 
> can have a link.
> Do you recommend it for single-winner elections?
> Do you mean that "FAB STV" complies with Later-no-Harm, or that it 
> avoids complying with it?
> Chris Benham
> On 24/05/2019 8:21 am, Richard Lung wrote:
>> There's two Richards, one described as Richard F.
>> That makes me Richard L.
>> Not only have we divergent views (He can speak for himself) but to 
>> make matters more confusing, I acknowledge the criticism of IRV, STV 
>> (which Cathy may have picked-up on) but have devised a new version of 
>> STV (FAB STV) which avoids "premature exclusion" of candidates (as 
>> well as complying with "later no harm").
>> from
>> Richard Lung.
>> On 22/05/2019 22:40, Kathy Dopp wrote:
>>> I just would like to applaud the response below (by Richard?) to those
>>> who still support IRV, STV,.. and any other method that tends to
>>> eliminate the candidate supported by the most voters in the first
>>> round, like it did in Burlington (because IRV, STV, etc. do not treat
>>> all voters' votes equally, counting only the 2nd and lower choices of
>>> some voters before that candidate is eliminated but not others), and
>>> to ask a question:
>>> Does approval voting (where each voter may vote for up to n-1
>>> candidates when n candidates are running for an office) adhere to the
>>> Condorcet criteria?
>>> Thank you.
>>> Kathy Dopp
>>> "Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere." - Martin
>>> Luther King, Jr.
>>> SSRN:http://ssrn.com/author=1451051
>>> Science is my passion, politics my duty (Thomas Jefferson, paraphrased)
>>> On Wed, May 22, 2019 at 12:35 PM
>>> <election-methods-request at lists.electorama.com>?? wrote:
>>>>> ---------------------------- Original Message 
>>>>> ----------------------------
>>>>> Subject: Re: [EM] re Burlington
>>>>> From: "Richard Lung"<voting at ukscientists.com>
>>>>> Date: Mon, May 20, 2019 11:52 am
>>>>> election-methods at electorama.com
>>>>> -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
>>> ...
>>>>> but the Condorcet criterion simply proposes that if more voters mark
>>>>> their ballots preferring Candidate A to Candidate B than the 
>>>>> number of
>>>>> voters marking their ballots to the contrary, then Candidate B is not
>>>>> elected.
>>>>> i like to compare it to a mathematical proof by contradiction: If a
>>>>> Condorcet Winner exists and your election method does not elect the
>>>>> CW, then who did you elect??? You elected someone when more voters
>>>>> explicitly marked their ballots that they preferred some other
>>>>> **specific** candidate.?? How can that be an expression of the 
>>>>> will of
>>>>> the electorate??? That's the problem with IRV or Borda or Bucklin (or
>>>>> some other RCV that someone cooks up).?? Most of the time it may 
>>>>> elect
>>>>> the CW.?? Then great! No one is complaining.?? But when it 
>>>>> doesn't, how
>>>>> possibly can the winner claim to have the democratic support of the
>>>>> electorate (even though we don't demand a majority of first-choice
>>>>> votes, since that demand is unrealistic in a 3-way or 4-way race) 
>>>>> when
>>>>> the voters explicitly say "Give us this other candidate that we like
>>>>> better!" ??
>>> ...
>>>>> L8r,
>>>>> r b-j
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