[EM] Vote for & vs; 2nd order PR
voting at ukscientists.com
Mon Sep 19 05:38:31 PDT 2016
My innovation of Binomial STV should exclude least liked candidates, who
win thru, by split voting, or whatever.
The voters make a ranked choice but have an incentive to put Trump or
Hillary in last position, if they actively dislike them, because the bi-
in binomial STV stands for a rational exclusion count of the preferences
reversed, as well as a rational election count of the preferences.
In the simplest case (first order binomial STV), the election keep
values and the (inverted) exclusion keep values of each candidate are
(geometrically) averaged. (This is an extension of Meek STV by including
quota-deficit as well as quota-surplus keep values for every candidate.)
The Binomial STV order of average keep values (lowest first) is the
order of preference, for candidates, by the whole community. Binomial
STV should work for a single vacancy, the candidate with lowest keep
value (provided it is below unity) being the winner.
If no candidate makes the quota (meaning no keep value equal to or below
unity) that means the required number of quotas for vacancies have been
filled by abstention votes (complete or partial) which are also counted
with Binomial STV. With this system voters could just state their first
few, and last few, preferences, leaving the middle preferences blank.
They would all be counted.
Re. 2nd order PR of the executive.
Several EM members suggested ways to fill a proportionally represented
Binomial STV should also settle the members of the government. It is
simply the lowest keep values, up to the number of executive posts. The
relative importance of the government posts can be matched to the keep
value order (subject to negotiation between representatives).
The first five lowest keep values might elect an inner cabinet, with the
lowest keep value candidate as premier, or first among equals.
Binomial transferable voting could elect, to the executive, the more
prefered of all the prefered representatives to the legislature. The
non-executive representatives, in effect form a critical opposition in
the legislature. The legislators have the chance to prove themselves
against their more popular colleagues in power.
To a lesser extent, this scenario should be possible with a traditional,
less sophisticated form of STV.
Its advantage over the MMP (Mixed Member Proportional) system is
illustrated by Germany, where a PR executive has formed as a grand
coalition of the Social Democrats and the Christian Democrats. This has
left opposition to minor parties, and encouraged opposition support for
so-called extremist parties, using violent activism as a means of
getting opposition heard.
On 19/09/2016 07:54, Jan Kok wrote:
> When you vote for someone for president, you are saying, "/This/ is
> who I want to run our country. And I want more candidates like this in
> the future!"
> What if you don't like either Clinton or Trump? There are 20 other
> candidates on the ballot in Colorado, including Gary Johnson and Jill
> Stein, the Libertarian and Green party candidates. Both Johnson and
> Stein will be on the ballot in all or most states.
> "But if I don't vote for the lesser evil, the greater evil may win."
> Here's how to free yourself from that trap: Find someone who is
> politically opposite from you. Form a pact with that person, that
> neither of you will vote for Clinton or Trump. You are then free to
> vote for whomever you really prefer, and at the same time you take
> away one vote each from Clinton and Trump. In order to ensure that the
> other person doesn't cheat, fill out absentee ballots together, or go
> to the polls together, and check each other's ballots.
> Is that too much trouble? If you feel that way, why even bother to
> vote at all?
> This idea is promoted by VotePact.org. If all the disaffected
> Democrats and Republicans would follow this strategy, the effect on
> this and future elections would be "yuge!" Help spread the word!
> Election-Methods mailing list - seehttp://electorama.com/em for list info
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