[EM] Second order proportional representation.
voting at ukscientists.com
Thu Sep 1 22:10:36 PDT 2016
Second order proportional representation.
First order proportional representation refers to the election of the
legislature by PR. Second-order PR refers to the composition of the
Transferable voting can prefer candidates from more than one party, to
decide the democratically prefered majority coalition. This single
majority government, representing over half the voters in the executive,
is the rational representation, that is denied by first past the post or
simple plurality elections.
But that is still not second-order proportional representation. That
requires at least a double majority government, which would represent
two thirds of the voters in the executive. A triple majority government
would represent three quarters of the voters in the executive. And so
on. That is second-order proportional representation.
Note that it requires a considerable first-order proportional
representation to ensure even a single majority government. We saw this
in Ireland, when the then largest party, Fianna Fail whittled down the
constituencies to 3 or 4 members, so that they could win a majority of
seats on only 45% of the votes.
My 3 free ebooks (Peace-making Power-sharing; Scientific Method Of
Elections; Science is Ethics as Electics) are now also available in pdf
Also there are links to my UNESCO essay, in French, on scientific voting
procedure. And my memoire to the Canadian parliament Special Committee
on electoral reform (which is alternatively in English as a brief).
E-books (mostly available free or reader-sets-price)
Includes the series of books on:
Democracy Science (starting with electoral reform and research);
Commentaries (literature and liberty; science and democracy);
Collected verse (in five books).
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
More information about the Election-Methods