[EM] Replies in advance

Michael Ossipoff mikeo2106 at msn.com
Fri Mar 16 13:46:35 PDT 2007

When I said that, with 2-level balloting there's always a beats-all 
candidate, who always wins in Approval, someone could say that the same is 
true of Plurality. Sure, but Plurality doesn't have free 2-level voting, so 
none of this means much for Plurality.

Likewise, when I defined emphatic preferences and emphatic Condorcet 
Criterion. Someone could say, "You could take that a step farther and define 
Plurality-preferences, etc. You could, but the same answer applies: 
Plurality doesn't have 2-level balloting that voters can use as they wish. 
Plurality has its "All but one must get bottom rating" restriction that 
makes comparisons meaningless.

Mike Ossipoff

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