[EM] Public elections are the ones that matter.
Abd ul-Rahman Lomax
abd at lomaxdesign.com
Sun Nov 13 16:28:21 PST 2005
At 01:38 AM 11/13/2005, Dave Ketchum wrote:
>I wonder if this exchange misses the point.
>When these other organizations want, essentially, the services public
>elections provide - then they properly join in EM.
I see the EM list as being about election methods, not about public
elections or private elections specifically. Some of the discussion
here does seem to presume that an election is for public office, but
much is relevant both in the public and private arenas.
>However, for most of them Robert's Rules has spent much effort doing well
>what they need, and EM is not into their view of those topics.
Election methods are a detail for Robert's Rules, which is mostly
about deliberative procedure. When full deliberative process is
possible, election methods become much less important; the rules of
deliberation loom and decision loom much larger.
>Corporations are off in their own corner - each share of stock owns a
>vote, to be voted by its owner.
I think that this may miss the point regarding corporate elections.
Public elections would be similar to corporate elections if the state
is considered as a corporation with each citizen owning one share.
However, at common law, where an individual has a right, that right
can ordinarily be exercised by an attorney-in-fact, otherwise in this
context called a proxy. Were it not for legislation prohibiting it,
proxy voting would be allowed in public elections. (In some countries
voters who are unable to come to the polls may designate a proxy to
vote for them, but this is not the same kind of voting as takes place
The obstacle is the tradition of secret ballot, considered necessary
to safeguard against coercion. However, it is my suspicion that the
dangers of open voting in a society functioning with rule of law are
drastically overstated, and, indeed, the use of secret ballot may
allow more abuse than it prevents.
In the corporate world, with huge asset values at stake (more than in
many public elections), votes are a matter of record. And most votes
are cast by proxy.
(But the structures of corporate governance were developed when
corporations were small in the sense of having relatively few
shareholders. These shareholders were sophisticated and knew the
situation with the various players and board candidates, or if they
did not, they hired proxies who did. Modern corporations now have
large numbers of essentially clueless shareholders who sign off on
proxy solicitations sent by existing management. Delegable proxy is a
solution to the problem of scale in corporate governance, just as it
could be a solution to the problem of scale in democracy in general.)
However, I'm not proposing delegable proxy for governmental bodies at
the present time, not until there is sufficient experience with them
to understand how they work in practice, not merely in theory. But
there is plenty of work that can be done outside of government, and,
in particular, in free associations, which are doubly protected
against corruption and abuse.
Free associations leave all the power in the hands of the members,
they do not collect money, they have no authority to command
obedience; their power consists solely of the power to communicate,
to facilitate voluntary cooperation and coordination. That is quite
enough power, if we but knew!
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