[EM] closed/open list hybrids?
seppley at alumni.caltech.edu
Mon Feb 19 18:15:30 PST 1996
Helena Catt wrote [in ER]:
>In Italy voters used to have the chance of marking 4 preferences
>within the list from the party they were voting for. In all of
>these countries party discipline is tight because it is the party
>that chooses who is present on the list in the first place.
>Candidates may campaign for a personal preference but at the same
>time they are campaigning for a vote for their party.
This doesn't sound like pure open or closed but a hybrid. Are the
teams working on the closed vs open debate considering possibilities
like this, where the voters open-sort a group closed-selected by the
- - -
And here's another system for the teams' consideration: each party
decides for itself if it will be open, closed, or a hybrid.
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