[EM] Reply and thanks to Krisfoter re: my paper "Exit from PR"

Jack Santucci jms346 at georgetown.edu
Wed Jan 4 19:56:13 PST 2017


Thanks for looking at my paper. I appreciate the feedback. Here are some
replies in-line. My final question and in-line reply is the most important.

> failure to find the Condorcet Winner played in repeals. Jack Santucci

> > argues convincingly that repeals generally are the result of changing
> > party power constellations:
> >
> > http://www.jacksantucci.com/docs/papers/repeal_dec2016.pdf
> I gave it a quick read (I didn't look through the details of the data
> points), and it seems like Jack is suggesting that a PR system is
> unstable if/when the second largest party can't influence legislation,

You nailed it. I'm glad this came across.

> I live in Norway, and although it is parliamentary, there are no snap
> elections. Legislative terms are fixed, and thus the electoral dynamics
> should be within the scope of the paper, but the description doesn't
> seem to match my experience.
> The largest party here is the Labor party, and the second largest is the
> Conservative party (see e.g.
> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_parliamentary_election,_2013 ).
> It's very uncommon for both of these parties to be in power at any given
> time. What tends to happen is either:
> - One of the two parties form a coalition towards the center and rule as
> a majority bloc, or
> - a minority government forms and has to seek support on a case-by-case
> basis.

Regarding Norway, can you think of a legislative term in which a third or
lesser largest party was formally on one side (government or opposition),
yet voted from time to time with the other?

Your minority government example above seems closest to the scenarios in my
paper. Has the case-by-case support-seeking ever involved different parties
depending on the case?

> So there has to be some additional assumption that holds for American
> congressional/presidential politics but not parliamentary ones with
> fixed terms; or that holds for STV-type PR but not party list PR. Or
> perhaps the argument mainly holds for a transition period between
> two-party and multiparty rule?

I see that the Norwegian Storting chooses the executive. Does the
government have exclusive power to introduce legislation? And can you
recall instances in which governments have fallen, then led to new
governing coalitions?

Thanks so much,
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