[EM] Minority Rule Gerrymanders U.S.A. - a simple P.R. Method

DNOW1 at aol.com DNOW1 at aol.com
Mon Sep 17 14:15:27 PDT 2012

Nonstop minority rule gerrymanders in the U.S.A. since 4 July 1776.

A plurality of the votes in a bare majority of the packed/cracked 
gerrymander districts = about 25 percent [or less] indirect minority rule.

Much worse with primary math.

Used to be much, much worse before the 1964 SCOTUS gerrymander cases.
REAL Democracy begins at home.
Major Democracy Reforms --

1. Proportional Representation in all legislative body elections -- 
Total Votes / Total Seats = EQUAL votes needed for each Seat Winner -- see 
A-L-L voters get represented with both majority rule and minority 
representation = REAL DEMOCRACY. 
2. NONPARTISAN nominations and elections of all elected executive officers 
and all judges -- see below.

NO caucuses, primaries and conventions.
Basic Democracy Election Reforms 14 May 2010
Sec. A. All candidates for the same office in the same area shall have the 
same nominating petition requirements to get on the [general] election 
Sec. B. (1) The Electors shall elect the members of each legislative body 
(odd number at least 5) in each year for 1 year terms.
(2) Each legislative body election area shall have between 2 and 5 times 
the total number of Electors at the last [general] election in all election 
areas divided by the total members in the body.
(3) As nearly as possible, each election area shall consist of 1 or more 
local governments or part of 1 local government and be contiguous and square.
Sec. C. (1) Each legislative body candidate shall get a list of all 
candidates for the body in all election areas at least [7] weeks before the 
[general] election.
(2) Each candidate shall rank the other candidates in all election areas 
(using 1 (highest), 2, etc.) and file such list not later than [4] P.M. [6] 
weeks before the [general] election.
(3) The lists shall be made public immediately at such deadline.
(4) If a valid list is not filed, then the candidate’s name shall be 
removed from the ballots.
[Equal Votes per winner P.R.]
Sec. D. (1) Each Elector may vote for 1 candidate for each legislative 
(2) The Average shall be the Total Votes for all candidates in all election 
areas divided by the Total Members to be elected in all election areas, 
dropping fractions. Ave = TV/TM.
(3) A candidate who gets the Average shall be elected.
(4) The most excess votes above the Average shall be repeatedly moved to 1 
or more unelected candidates in all election areas, using the elected 
candidate’s rank order list.
(5) Only the votes needed to get the Average shall be moved to any 1 
unelected candidate.
(6) If all members are not elected, then the candidate with the least votes 
in all election areas shall lose.
(7) The loser’s votes shall be moved to 1 or more unelected candidates in 
all election areas, using the original elected and/or loser candidate rank 
order list(s) and subject to (5).
(8) Steps (6) and (7) shall repeat until all members are elected.
(9) Example- 100 Votes / 5 Members = 20 Average
A 26 - 6 = 20 Elected
B 20 Elected
C 18 + 2 = 20 Elected
D 16 
E 9
F 7 + 4 = 11
G 4
Excess A votes moved.
A 20 Elected
B 20 Elected
C 20 Elected
D 16
F 11 + 4 = 15
E 9
G 4 - 4 = 0 Loses
A 20 Elected
B 20 Elected
C 20 Elected
D 16 + 4 = 20 Elected
F 15 + 5 = 20 Elected
E 9 - 9 = 0 Loses
Sec. E. (1) A legislative body candidate or member may file a written rank 
order list of persons to fill his/her vacancy, if any.
(2) The qualified person who is highest on the list shall fill the vacancy.
(3) If the preceding does not happen, then the legislative body shall fill 
the vacancy with a person of the same party (if any) immediately at its next 
[i.e. NO more vacancy special elections.]
Sec. F. (1) All elected executive officers and all judges shall be 
nominated for and elected at nonpartisan [general] elections.
(2) Each Elector may vote for 1 or more candidates for each elected 
executive office or judge (including 1 write-in for each position).
(3) The candidate(s) getting the most votes shall be elected (for the 
longest terms respectively in the case of 2 or more positions with different 
terms).   [esp. for judge terms and judge vacancies]
[This is the Approval Voting method.]
More advanced head-to-head Number Voting systems will have to wait a bit -- 
due to the LOW-LOW-LOW math skills of the New Age population -- who have 
been dumbed down-down-down since the 1960s.
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