# [EM] basic fairness question

⸘Ŭalabio‽ Walabio at MacOSX.Com
Fri Apr 15 17:59:48 PDT 2011

```	“Owen Dalby” <Owen.Dalby at Gmail.Com>:

> 	I apologize if I am asking a dumb question, but would appreciate any honest and practical advice from this list. I am conducting an election among a group of colleagues who are all graduates of a fellowship program. 45 people will vote on perhaps 30 candidates for roughly 15 seats.

If these people are not paid, thus it costs group nothing for their services, just let everyone wanting to have a seat.  If money is an issue, one should think about the ideal size of the legislature:

If the legislature has 1 tier, then the size of it should be the squareroot of the electorate.  The squreroot of 45 is:

7

Really it is almost seven, but we need integers.

If multiple tiers exist, each should be the cuberoot of the electorate at each level with the total numbers of legislators being greater thyan the squareroot of the electorate.

Now, as to how to elect them.  I recommend assetvoting:

The way assetvoting works is that everyone gets a certain number of assetunits.  Let us suppose that each voter gets 99 assetunits:

A voter decides what is personally important.  The voter finds candidates agreeing mostly with the voter on these important things.  The voter divides the assetunits between the candidates as the voter feels appropriate.  Then the voter makes certain that the assetunites add up right:

0	¿Is the total number of assetunits a double-digit-digit number in decimal notation?
1	¿Is that number 99 in decimal notation?

After the candidates get their assetunits, they trade policy-concessions for assetunits until a legislature emerges.

You will probably want a leader.  I recommend scorevoting:

Have the voters rate the candidates on scale of negative -99 to positive +99.  The best candidate gets positive +99.  The worst candidate gets negative -99  all intermediate candidates gets scores relative to the best and the worst candidates.

One adds the scores and the highest the candidate with the greatest total wins.

Some prefer that the one use average score, but if one writes one’s name on the ballot and scores one a positive +99, then that person has an average score of +99 and wins when only 1 person voted for that one.  One can get out of this problem with quorum-rules requiring a certain number of voters to vote for a candidate, but highest sum is simpler.

Under score-voting with highest sums winning, abstains become 00.

Many people hate runoffs with a passion, but whatever else one says about runoffs, they are great for vetting candidates.  For electing your leader, you might consider this scheme:

Have a scorevote with a range of negative -99 to positive +99 with abstains becoming 00.  Candidates with sums greater than > 00 make the runoff.  For filtering out no-hope writeins, a writein must appear on the squareroot of the number of ballots to make the runoff.

A week later, have a scorevote runoff with the candidates who got positive sums.

Finally, a week later have a plurality top-2-runoff.