[EM] Electoral college competition rule
raphfrk at netscape.net
raphfrk at netscape.net
Tue Nov 7 06:26:04 PST 2006
I may have posted this a while ago, but not sure.
On the EC, what about this rule:
The most popular party shall be assigned a "win margin" which shall be
equal to its total vote cast for the party less the total vote of the
?next largest rival.
Before the count, the party that was assigned a win margin in the
previous election shall be assigned seats such that it receives
a proportion of the seats to allocated equal to its win margin as
a fraction of the total votes cast in the previous election rounded
down.
Each seat shall cost the party votes equal to the total votes cast in
the election divided by the number of seats to be allocated. The
party's vote total shall be reduced by this ammount for each seat
it was assigned. All of the remaining seats shall be allocated to
the party that has the most votes after this modification. Also, the
max number of seats that a party can be assigned shall be equal to what
it can "afford".
This uses the previous election as an estimate of the popularity
of the parties.
An example:
10 seats
Election 1: (no winning margins as first to use system)
A: 70%
B: 30%
A gets a winning margin of 40%
A gets all 10 seats
Election 2:
A: 72%
B: 28%
A gets a new winning margin of 42% (for next election)
A gets 4 seats due to winning margin (40% of 10). This
costs party A 40% of the total votes.
A: 32%
B: 28%
A gets remaining 6 seats (all 10 again)
Election 3
A: 69%
B: 31%
A gets 4 seats due to winning margin from previous
(42% of 10 rounded down) and is "charged" 40%.
A: 29%
B: 31%
B gets the remaining 6 seats.
The effect is that alot of the seats are competitive. If there
is a 50/50 chance of winning the second step, then the expected
number of seats each party gets is approx equal to its
proportion of the support in the State.
In the above example, there would be a 50/50 chance of
A:10
B:0
and
A: 4
B: 6
It doesn't get all of the State's seats in play, but 6 of
them are.
If the State had a 50/50 A and B popularity, then no seats
would be allocated in the first step.
It does suffer from the problem that it is in party A's
interests to declare itself as A and A'.
Raphfrk
--------------------
Interesting site
"what if anyone could modify the laws"
www.wikocracy.com
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