[EM] Voting by selecting a published ordering

Abd ul-Rahman Lomax abd at lomaxdesign.com
Fri Apr 14 11:07:38 PDT 2006

At 10:10 AM 4/14/2006, Abd ul-Rahman Lomax wrote:
>(If the candidates can provide the lists after the election, or if
>such lists are used only in a first round, with failure to win a
>majority approval -- approval cutoff could be included in the
>candidate-provided lists -- then it really is Asset Voting of a kind.)

This should have read "used only in a first round, in the absence of 
a failure to win majority approval, in which case candidates could 
then change their votes in an additional round or rounds."

This, by the way, points up a basic issue regarding ranked election 
methods. They can quite easily result in the election of a candidate 
who would not win a referendum on his election. This is what happens 
when elections are removed from deliberative process; this would not 
happen (or would not be sustained) under standard parliamentary procedure.

Single-winner elections for representatives inherently remove the 
supporters of losing candidates from being represented by someone 
freely chosen. This is true even if election requires a majority 
vote. The situation can get much worse if plurality determines the winner.

Ranked methods may appear to solve this problem, but only by deriving 
"support" from what can really be a declaration that "I prefer 
Ghenghis Khan to Adolf Hitler." It is my view that no crucial 
position in an organization should be filled without *at least* the 
consent of a majority of members, and it is far better for 
organizational unity if supermajority approval can be obtained.

(If a majority of members specifically approve that the winner should 
be the plurality winner, that is tantamount to approving the 
plurality winner. But I don't recall *ever* being asked that 
question.... plurality was built into the system without any clear 
sign that the implications were known and considered. I think that 
the founders assumed a level of collegiality that has been 
disappearing. Of course, we also had the Civil War.)

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