# [EM] Re: STV-PR

Wed Aug 25 14:28:46 PDT 2004

```Dr. Ernie Prabhakar wrote:

>>http://groups.yahoo.com/group/election-methods-list/message/13066
>>
>>Basically, commute flows (or road bandwidth) was regarded as the best
>>measure, as it encapsulates geography and demographics pretty well.
>
>Yeah, I remember that (lanes of traffic).   I even started writing some
>Python code to do the calculation.  The tricky part is that it was
>assuming even sized populations.  I guess in this case, we'd need to
>simultaneously minimize:
>         a) traffic circumference
>         b) deviations from the 'optimal' size (N=7)
>         c) non-integral population units
>
>That is, there needs to be some way to compare the goodness, e.g.,  two
>districts of size 9.95 vs. three of size 6.6.   Which is straightforward,
>but somewhat arbitrary.   Still, it could be done, and in some ways more
>parameters generates more interesting options.

Well, I would make it a requirement that population-per-seat be equal
across disctricts, plus or minus an extremely small margin owing to the
granularity of census blocks or zip codes or whatever is used as the
"atoms" of district formation.  So that takes (c) out of the criteria.

As far as deviation from 'optimal' size goes, it might make sense to simply
require a certain total number of districts, and further require a maximum
and minimum district size.  I'd suggest 4 and 10.  My intuition is that
this would cause the algorithm to spit out geographically large rural
districts with few seats, and geographically small urban districts with
many seats.  This seems good to me.

So, that leaves only severed traffic connections as a metric to be
optimized on.  Of course the stipulation that districts can jump in numbers
of seats (swallowing or spitting out large areas in the process) makes
optimization considerably more difficult.

```