STV-PR Re: [EM] Using weights to compensate multiple votes (It's mostly about PR)

Markus Schulze markus.schulze at
Wed Aug 25 10:57:38 PDT 2004

Dear Ernie,

you wrote (25 Aug 2004):
> With STV-PR, is there any way to preserve 'weak' locality?  That
> is, say I have district magnitude of 20, so I can conceptually identify
> 20 subdistricts which have been combined into a single district for PR
> purposes.   Now, for the extreme cases where one party wins all the
> seats, it would make sense (at least to me) to have each of those
> candidates from a particular subdistrict.   That of course would be
> relatively easy to enforce.
> But, with PR, it can get quite complicated.  Has anyone thought about
> the 'fairest' way to maximize locality while preserving PR?  Or, is
> there a really strong argument that one should ignore locality
> completely?  Or is it just too hard?

Actually in practice, the locality under PR-STV methods is significantly
larger than under any other election method (including single-winner
election methods).

You wrote (25 Aug 2004):
> Does STV-PR actually allow voting for predefined lists as well as
> individual candidates?  I had trouble understanding the existing
> articles on this point.

Here is my suggestion:

Markus Schulze

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