[EM] Filling Unscheduled Vacancies With PR

Stephane Rouillon stephane.rouillon at sympatico.ca
Thu Nov 6 20:37:02 PST 2003

No Alex,

new parties or new independents would be forbidden.
It has nothing to do with candidate-based or party-based systems.
A defeated independent candidate could run again for a by-election.
Maybe (1/number of seats) would be a too easy threshold to reach,
but it is another kind of problem. Still independents can gather support in
only one
The clone labelling problem described by Bjarke stays for now.


Alex Small a écrit :

> Stephane Rouillon said:
> > Or you could either:
> >
> > - forbid new parties for a by-election;
> That works for party-lists.  It doesn't work as well for candidate-based
> methods (e.g. STV) because candidates are free to call themselves
> independents.
> ----
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