[EM] Filling Unscheduled Vacancies With PR

Stephane Rouillon stephane.rouillon at sympatico.ca
Thu Nov 6 07:11:06 PST 2003

Or you could either:

- forbid new parties for a by-election;

- suppose all party would have this behaviour so the vacancies are filled in proportion
of the last vote: Rep (+3), Dem(+4), Green(0).
Result for the new chamber:
Rep (52), Dem(41), Green(7).

The first solution seems somewhat anti-democratic.
But the second let's a hole about truncation numbers to void small parties new seats.
I prefer the first. Could you live with the first? I think I could.
But obviously a party can get around it, presenting its clone at the general election.
There should be a way to ensure the spirit of the method is maintained without
any strategical hole. I just do not see it yet...

Thanks Bjarke,

Bjarke Dahl Ebert a écrit :

> > Now suppose 1 green, 2 democrats and 4 reps are gone.
> > The by-election gives the following distribution:
> > Rep 40%
> > Dem 55%
> > Green 5%
> >
> > So we have Rep(49 seats) that sould go to 40, Dem(37 seats) that should go to
> > 55
> > and Greens (7 seats) that should go to 5 seats. Because we do not remove seats
> > to
> > any party the Dems get the 7 seats and the new chamber is still leaded by
> > Republicans
> > Rep: 49 seats
> > Dem: 44 seats
> > Green: 7 seats
> I think this would give a problem with "Party clones".
> The democrats could all vote for a new party, "New Democrats". Since the "old"
> democrats can not loose their seats, it doesn't matter that they get 0%, when the
> "New Democrats" get 55% and get all the vacant seats.
> So I guess that in order to take voters' changed opinions into account, a total
> reelection is needed.
> Some kind of reuse of the old ballots, or having the leaving candidates choose their
> replacement, seems like the only way in PR.
> -Bjarke

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