[EM] Nanson in the USA

Markus Schulze markus.schulze at alumni.tu-berlin.de
Tue Jan 21 07:23:37 PST 2003

Dear Alex,

you wrote (20 Jan 2003):
> Mike Ossipoff wrote (20 Jan 2003):
> > Nanson was used in Wisconsin for a while. So far as I know,
> > the only Condorcet Criterion method ever used in public
> > political elections.
> When was this?  For what elections?  I'm originally from
> Wisconsin.  I'm curious why it was adopted and why it was
> abandoned.  Anyway, if you can point me to a reference (be
> it on the web or from a library) that would be great.

Hoag and Hallett wrote (Clarence Gilbert Hoag, George Hervey
Hallett, "Proportional Representation," MacMillan Company, New
York, page 491, 1926):
>    The Nanson system gives the voter an opportunity of expressing
> as many choices as he pleases, the form of ballot recommended
> being like that used for the single transferable vote. But the
> rules for transfer provided under the single transferable vote
> are replaced under the Nanson system by rules for deducing the
> result arithmetically from the figures marked on all the ballots.
>    The only place where this system is used for public elections,
> so far as we know, is the city of Marquette, Michigan. There
> it is applied to the election of all city officials. Wakefield,
> Michigan, also adopted it, but has never used it because of
> doubts as to its constitutionality.

Markus Schulze

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