Head to head- all elections
DEMOREP1 at aol.com
DEMOREP1 at aol.com
Wed Oct 28 20:28:51 PST 1998
Some legal language for using my suggested head to head methods for electing
legislative bodies and executive/ judicial officers.
A. Each voter may vote YES or NO for each candidate and may number vote (1, 2,
etc.) for his/her first, second, etc. choices.
B. For legislative bodies electing N persons in each district-
1. Each set of N candidates shall be compared against each other candidate
using the number votes.
2. The lowest numbered vote on each ballot of the other candidates not
involved in a comparison shall be transferred to one of the N candidates or
the other candidate in a comparison.
3. If a candidate when in each of his/her group of N candidates gets more
votes than the other candidate, then such candidate shall be elected.
4. If a candidate when in each of his/her group of N candidates gets less
votes than the other candidate, then such candidate shall lose.
5. If there are remaining positions to be filled, then the remaining candidate
having the lowest number of YES votes shall lose and the comparisons math
shall be rechecked.
6. A lottery shall be used in case of ties.
7. Each elected candidate shall have a voting power in the legislative body
equal to the number of votes he/she finally receives.
C. For electing N executive and judicial officers-
1. If no candidate gets a YES votes majority of all of the voters or less than
than N candidates get YES majorities of all of the voters, then the
legislative body shall fill the vacancy or vacancies (if no other method is
provided).
2. If N candidates get YES votes majorities of all of the voters, then
he/she/they shall be elected.
3. If more than N candidates get YES votes majorities of all of the voters,
then each set of N candidates shall be compared against each other candidate
using the number votes.
4. The N lowest numbered votes on each ballot for the N candidates or the
other candidate shall be summed.
5. If a candidate when in each of his/her group of N candidates gets more
votes than the other candidate, then such candidate shall be elected.
6. If a candidate when in each of his/her group of N candidates gets less
votes than the other candidate, then such candidate shall lose.
7. If there are remaining positions to be filled, then the Nth numbered YES
votes on all ballots shall be dropped.
8. If any candidate then does not have a YES votes majority, then he/she/they
shall lose, provided, if the remaining number of candidates is less than the
number remaining to be elected, then, instead of step 7, the candidate having
the lowest number of YES votes shall lose and the comparisons math shall be
rechecked.
9. The preceding shall be repeated, if necessary, for the Nth minus 1, Nth
minus 2, etc. numbered YES votes.
10. A lottery shall be used in case of ties.
Computer voting systems would generally be needed to do the various
comparisons.
Theory- With N candidates to be elected there are sets of N candidates versus
one candidate with the other candidates as assumed losers. The votes for the
assumed losers are transferred to one candidate (for legislative body
elections) or N candidates (for electing N executive or judicial officers).
Simpler (but less accurate) versions use IRO for legislative body elections
and Approval Voting for executive/ judicial elections.
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