[EM] To Marquette, to Marquette ...
markus.schulze at alumni.tu-berlin.de
Wed Jan 29 02:38:33 PST 2003
Marquette is mentioned three times in "Proportional Representation"
(MacMillan Company, New York, 1926) by Clarence Gilbert Hoag and
George Hervey Hallett.
> A third majority preferential system, invented by Professor
> E.J. Nanson of Melbourne, has been used for public elections,
> so far as we know, in only one city, Marquette, Michigan.
> The Nanson system gives the voter an opportunity of expressing
> as many choices as he pleases, the form of ballot recommended
> being like that used for the single transferable vote. But the
> rules for transfer provided under the single transferable vote
> are replaced under the Nanson system by rules for deducing the
> result arithmetically from the figures marked on all the ballots.
> The only place where this system is used for public elections,
> so far as we know, is the city of Marquette, Michigan. There
> it is applied to the election of all city officials. Wakefield,
> Michigan, also adopted it, but has never used it because of
> doubts as to its constitutionality.
> Our conclusion, therefore, is that if the voters understand
> what they are doing, the danger of their mismarking their
> ballots under the Nanson system is not great. But voters do
> not always wait for expert advice before jumping to conclusions,
> and false impressions or uncertainty as to the effect of
> second and later choices might sometimes have serious results.
> According to City Clerk Brown this has not happened in the
> city of Marquette.
The third quotation suggests that Hoag and Hallett's knowledge
on Nanson's method in Marquette comes from direct communication
with people who live there. Therefore, I guess that the only
way to check whether Nanson's method has been used in Marquette,
Michigan, or Marquette, Wisconsin, is to go to both Marquettes
and to search the libraries.
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